Court labour


Understanding spain's court labour

Spain’s Court Labour plays an integral role in resolving employment disputes, encompassing a range of issues from wrongful termination to discrimination. For English residents unfamiliar with Spanish labour laws, navigating the Court Labour can be daunting. At Fenus Legal, we specialize in supporting clients through this process. This comprehensive guide offers insights into the workings of the Court Labour in Spain.


The Court Labour in Spain is a judicial system designed to handle labour disputes. Its primary goal is to ensure that employment laws are upheld and that both employers and employees are treated fairly.

Understanding the structure

Spain’s Court Labour is divided into different levels based on the nature and complexity of the dispute. These include Social Courts, Superior Courts of Justice, and the Supreme Court.

Types of cases handled

The Court Labour in Spain is a specialised judicial body that focuses on resolving employment-related disputes. As the workforce’s legal safeguard, the Court Labour has a wide jurisdiction that encompasses several key areas in the labour domain. Below are the various types of cases that the Court Labour deals with:


  1. Wage Disputes

Wage disputes often arise from disagreements between employers and employees regarding compensation, including salary, overtime pay, and bonuses.


The Court Labour mediates in cases where employees believe they have not received fair wages as stipulated in their contracts or according to legal standards.


  1. Unfair Dismissals

Unfair dismissal cases pertain to allegations of termination without proper cause or due process.


The Court Labour examines the circumstances of the dismissal, the procedures followed, and determines whether the termination was justified, offering remedies if deemed unfair.


  1. Harassment

Harassment in the workplace can take many forms, including bullying, sexual harassment, or any conduct creating a hostile work environment.


The Court Labour evaluates the allegations and evidence, providing resolutions that can include compensation, orders for policy changes within the company, or other appropriate actions.


  1. Discrimination

Discrimination cases deal with unequal treatment based on attributes such as gender, age, race, religion, or disability.


The Court Labour rules on cases where employees claim that they have been treated unfairly due to such attributes, ensuring that the principles of equality are upheld.


  1. Other Employment-Related Issues

Besides the above primary areas, the Court Labour also handles a variety of other employment-related issues.


These may include disputes over employment contracts, working hours, health and safety compliance, employee benefits, and trade union matters.

The procedure of the court labour

Understanding the procedure of the Court Labour is crucial for those involved in a labour dispute.

Initial consultation

Seeking legal advice is usually the first step in a labour dispute. At Fenus Legal, we provide initial consultations to assess the case.

Filing a lawsuit

If negotiation fails, a lawsuit may be filed in the Court Labour. This involves submitting a written complaint and necessary documents.

Court hearings

The Court Labour will schedule hearings where both parties present their case. Evidence, witness testimonies, and legal arguments are part of this phase.

Judgment and appeals

After careful consideration, the Court Labour delivers a judgment. If either party disagrees with the decision, they may appeal to a higher court.

How fenus legal can assist in the court labour

With expertise in commercial and corporate law, Fenus Legal is well-positioned to guide English residents through Spain’s Court Labour.


Our legal team offers expert representation in the Court Labour, ensuring that your interests are vigorously defended.


Before resorting to litigation, we explore negotiation and mediation to resolve the dispute amicably.


From the initial consultation to final judgment, Fenus Legal provides comprehensive support through every stage of the Court Labour process.