Court civil


Court civil in Spain

The civil court system in Spain, known as the Court Civil, plays an essential role in resolving various civil disputes. From contractual issues to property disputes, the Court Civil addresses a broad spectrum of civil matters. For English residents in Spain, understanding the complexities of this legal avenue can be challenging, which is why professional guidance is often essential. Below, we delve into the essential aspects of the Court Civil in Spain.

The court's structure

The Court Civil system in Spain consists of different tiers, including First Instance Courts, Provincial Courts, and the Supreme Court. Each tier serves specific functions and roles within the civil legal process.

Areas of jurisdiction

The Court Civil, a cornerstone of the Spanish legal system, has jurisdiction over a diverse range of civil disputes. Its importance lies not only in its broad scope but also in its nuanced approach to the resolution of specific legal matters. Here is a closer examination of the primary areas in which the Court Civil has jurisdiction:

1. Personal Injury Claims

Personal injury claims encompass a wide variety of cases where an individual has been physically or psychologically injured due to the negligence or intentional act of another party.


This court is responsible for evaluating the evidence, determining liability, and assessing the appropriate compensation for the victim.

2. Contract Violations

Contract violations occur when one party fails to fulfill their obligations under a legally binding agreement.


It is within the purview of the Court Civil to interpret the terms of the contract, identify breaches, and render judgments, which may include compensation for damages.

3. Family Matters

The Court Civil also has jurisdiction over family-related disputes, including matters related to divorce, child custody, spousal support, and more.


The court seeks to make decisions that are in the best interest of the child (if applicable) and that fairly resolve issues between family members.

4. Property Disputes

Property disputes may arise over issues like ownership, boundary disagreements, easements, or landlord-tenant conflicts.


The Court Civil has the authority to make determinations on these disputes, often relying on property laws, contractual agreements, and historical documentation.

5. Other Civil Matters

In addition to the main areas described above, the Court Civil has jurisdiction over other civil matters such as defamation, nuisance, trespassing, and more.


The court’s functions in these matters involve a thorough examination of the legal issues, adherence to established principles of civil law, and the dispensing of just resolutions.

Engaging with the court civil for dispute resolution

Initiating proceedings

Starting a civil case requires submitting a claim in compliance with Spanish civil law procedures. This stage includes gathering necessary documents and formulating a legal strategy.

Pre-trial and discovery

Before the trial, parties engage in a pre-trial process to negotiate and possibly settle. If the matter proceeds to trial, the discovery phase allows both parties to exchange information and evidence.

Trial process in the court civil

The trial process in Spain’s Court Civil is conducted in stages, including presenting evidence, witness testimonies, and legal arguments. Trials are often public, and decisions are made by professional judges.

Judgment and appeals

A judgment in the Court Civil is usually final. However, an appeal process is available for parties dissatisfied with the decision, subject to specific legal criteria.

Fenus legal's expertise in navigating the court civil

Choosing the right legal team can make all the difference in the Court Civil. Fenus Legal offers specialized services tailored to the needs of English residents in Spain.

Representation in court civil

Our experienced lawyers provide strong legal representation in the Court Civil, working closely with clients to ensure their interests are protected.

Settlement negotiation

We believe in exploring settlement opportunities before heading to court. Our negotiation skills have helped many clients reach satisfying resolutions without the need for a trial.

Appellate support

If an appeal is necessary, our legal experts guide clients through the complex appellate process, ensuring adherence to the relevant legal standards.